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Critical Thinking: What It Is and Why It Counts

Author: Peter A. Facione

Publisher: Insight Assessment, 2010.

Critical thinking, also called rational or logical thought, is the process of identification and evaluation of evidence that guides us in decision-making. This ability, when fully developed, helps us make more accurate diagnosis and better therapeutic decisions that optimizes our patients’ care. Various teaching strategies have been proposed to help residents improve critical thinking.

In this 2010 updated version of his 1992 essay, Professor Peter A. Facione defines critical thinking, describes critical thinking skills (interpretation, analysis and evaluation of evidence, as well as inference, explanation and self-regulation of the results of one’s reasoning), and explains the value of critical thinking. Narrative is clear, informal and full of examples that help understanding of this fascinating topic.

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